The donor lifecycle map
A few months ago I posted a blog critical of the donor pyramid and asking why it is still so widely used in the Netherlands (and undoubtedly also some other countries). So now I’d like to propose an alternative. The problem with the pyramid is that it is only useful to show one metric – donor financial value. But it doesn’t tell the larger story of engagement – how a donor interacts with and builds a relationship with an organisation over time: the lifecycle.
So what does your donors’ lifecycle look like? And more importantly, are your donors growing in value (whatever that means to your organisation – financial value, volunteerism, advocacy, etc.) over the duration of that lifespan? How can you visualise how your organisation is performing and how you want to be performing? A simple tool that I favour is the donor lifecycle map. The primary purpose of this tool is to show the correlation of donor value with engagement – both of which, of course, should be growing!
(Of course, this is only useful if you have mapped out your donor journey. But of course you have! So let’s move on…)
Above is what a lifecycle map might look like showing the growth in annual donor value over each of the following stages: first gift/pledge, (second gift) conversion, second year active, multi-year active, major or stretch giving, and ultimate giving. (This will, of course, be unique to your donor lifecycle. And of course, you need to have the tools in place to be able to identify which stage a donor is in!)
There are two measurements represented here:
- The percentage of donors in each stage, reflected by the size of the slice
- The average annual (or lifetime) value of the donors in each stage, noted by the colour (ideally, each slice changing as the value grows over the donor’s lifetime)
Or you could add your giving level ‘value bands’ if you want to dig deeper into financial value.
If you want to jazz things up a bit, you could also break out the lifecycle to show lapsed donors and the reactivation cycle.
So what can a donor lifecycle map show in a quick eye scan?
- What your ‘donor journey’ looks like
- Where donors are getting hung up (for example, making a first gift but not converting, not making major or stretch gifts, not making ultimate gifts)
- Whether or not, and by how much, your donors are growing in value over their lifecycle
This is, just as all other tools, not comprehensive. But I personally find it useful.
Of course, if you’re still in love with the pyramid, who am I to argue?